Mongol Empire: Took more than 40 Years to subjugate China

Mongol warriors’ traditional military advantages and cavalry tactics could not be fully deployed in their conquest of the Song dynasty. The Mongol Empire took more than 40 years to subjugate the Song but needed far less time to defeat other countries: they took Siberia in one year (1207), Qara Khitai (1216–1218) and Khwarazm (1219–1220) in … Continue reading Mongol Empire: Took more than 40 Years to subjugate China

Mongol Empire: Cavalry tactics

China’s salvation had rested with the fragmentation of the nomadic tribes until 1211, when the great Genghis Khan (1162–1227) unified these Mongol tribes into one sweeping confederacy which then convulsed the world. The intrepid Mongol warriors were by far the most effective and ruthless cavalry forces of all time. They were said to be able … Continue reading Mongol Empire: Cavalry tactics

The Horses in Modern China – 4

Since 1996, the Chinese government has started to implement a nationwide grazing ban in selected areas with the aim of relieving overgrazing and erosion of the grasslands. This has inevitably had an adverse effect on the pastoralists’ life. Few herders have the knowledge or the technological hardware to provide for their animals in feedlots, and … Continue reading The Horses in Modern China – 4

The Horses in Modern China – 3

Land degradation, too, makes pasture land less available for grassland husbandry. World Bank figures show that China has the third largest area of grassland after Australia and Russia. However, vast swathes of its grassland have become degraded; the Loess Plateau region and other extensive western areas have suffered especially badly. According to the People’s Republic … Continue reading The Horses in Modern China – 3

Horse Breeds in Ancient China

Native breeds which were first used by the Chinese as cavalry horses proved to be inferior to those against whom they fought. As conflicts with the northern nomadic Xiongnu became more pervasive, procurement of quality horses became a major priority. The imperial courts then developed their own breeding programmes, after which equestrian militarism changed war … Continue reading Horse Breeds in Ancient China

Art, Sports and Medicine

The horse’s influence over the civilization and art of China is unrivalled. A wide range of artefacts constructed on distinctive perceptual and cultural premises were created with horses as their motif. Equine sports not only formed part of the education curriculum for young aristocrats, but also served as military preparation. As horses enjoyed a lofty … Continue reading Art, Sports and Medicine